Electrician Phoenix

If you’re looking for an electrician in Phoenix Arizona?, look no further than Arizona Electrical Solutions. Electrician Phoenix We offer a full team, that can help you on any of your new or current projects. We offer a full Electrical Engineering team that can design build your project from the ground up. If your are doing new construction or TI we would be happy to help you in any phase. We offer installation of all 3 phase systems. From CT CAN’s to Switch Gears, To electrical panel installation of any voltage from 208 V,277 V,480 V to step down transformers for 240 V installations. If your looking to install a backup generator for your facility? Our engineer will walk you through your options to find the best fit for your needs. We offer Commercial Solar, we can design build systems from 3800 kilowatts all the way up to a mega watts system. Please contact us for project references! We install all forms of Commercial lighting, from servicing your existing lighting system to renovating to a new LED system. We also offer full Electrical Engineering for your design build project! Please contact us for more details!  Here below we are going to define all the common electrical equipment you could find in a commercial building or your electrician might say to you, during installation. These code guide lines can give you a working knowledge of electrical equipment for general use, that you can use as a reference tool. Arizona Electrical Solutions LLC wants to be your electrician in Phoenix, Arizona. Please feel free to contact us any time for estimates and your electrical questions at 602-369-5216 or visit our main website Arizona Electrical Solutions LLC  or our yelp page Yelp Business Listing  

 

Equipment for General Use

 
ARTICLE 400 Flexible Cords and Electrician Cables
 
I. General
 
400.1 Scope. This article covers general requirements, applications, and construction specifications for flexible cords and flexible cables.
 
400.2 Other Articles. Flexible cords and flexible cables shall comply with this article and with the applicable provisions of other articles of this Code.
 
400.3 Suitability. Flexible cords and cables and their associated fittings shall be suitable for the conditions of use and location.
 
400.4 Types. Flexible cords and flexible cables shall conform to the description in electrician Table 400.4. The use of flexible cords and flexible cables other than those in Table 400.4 shall require permission by the authority having jurisdiction.
 
Table 400.4  Flexible Cords and Cables (See 400.4.)
 Trade 
Name 
      Nominal 
Insulation 
Thickness
  Use
 Type 
Letter 
VoltageAWG 
or 
kcmil 
Number 
of 
Conduc- 
tors 
InsulationAWG 
or 
kcmil
mmmilsBraid 
on Each 
Conduc- 
tor 
Outer 
Covering 
 Lamp 
cord
C300 

600
18–16 
15–10
2 or 
more
Thermoset or thermoplastic18–16 
15–10
0.76 
1.14
30 
45
CottonNonePendant or portableDry loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
 Elevator cable1, 2,3,4300 or 
600 
20–22 or moreThermoset20–16 
15–12 
12–10 8–2
0.51 
0.76 
1.14 
1.52
20 
30 
45 
60
CottonThree cotton; outer one flame- 
retardant &  
moisture- 
resistant
Elevator lighting and controlUnclassified locations
       20–16 
15–12 
12–10 
8–2
0.51 
0.76 
1.14 
1.52
20 
30 
45 
60
Flexible nylon jacket    
 Elevator 
cable
EO 1,2,4300 or 
600
20–22 or moreThermoset20–16 
15–12 
12–10 
8–2
0.51 
0.76 
1.14 
1.52
20 
30 
45 
60
CottonThree cotton; outer one flame- 
retardant &  
moisture- 
resistant
Elevator lighting and controlUnclassified locations 
           One cotton and a neoprene jacket. Hazardous (classified) locations 
 Elevator cableETP 2,4300 or 
600
      RayonThermo- 
plastic
Hazardous (classified) locations
  ETT 2,4 300 or 
600
      NoneOne cotton or equivalent and a thermo- 
plastic 
jacket 
 
 Electric 
vehicle 
cable 
EV 5,660018–5002 or more plus grounding conductor(s), plus optional hybrid data, signal communications, and optical fiber cablesThermoset with optional nylon18–15
14–10 
8–2 1–4/0 
250–500
0.76 
(0.51) 
1.14 
(0.76) 
1.52 
(1.14) 2.03 
(1.52) 
2.41 
(1.90)
30 
(20) 
45 
(30) 
60 
(45) 80 
(60) 
95 
(75)
OptionalOil-resistantthermosetElectric vehicle chargingWet locationsExtra-hard usage
  EVJ 5,630018–12  18–120.76 
(0.51)]
30 
(20) 
    Hard usage
  EVE 5,660018–5002 or more plus grounding conductor(s), plus optional hybrid data, signal communications, and optical fiber cablesThermoplastic elastomer with optional nylon18–15
14–10 
8–2 1–4/0 
250– 500
0.76 
(0.51) 
1.14 
(0.76) 
1.52 
(1.14) 2.03 
(1.52) 
2.41 
(1.90) 
30 
(20) 
45 
(30) 
60 
(45) 80 
(60) 
95 
(75)
 Oil-resistantthermo- 
plastic elastomer 
  Extra-hard 
usage
  EVJE 5,630018–12  18–120.76 
(0.51)
30 
(20)
    Hard usage
  EVT 5,660018–5002 or more plus grounding conductor(s), plus optional hybrid data, signal communications, and optical fiber cablesThermoplastic with optional nylon18–15
14–10 
8–2 1–4/0 
250– 500
0.76 
(0.51) 
1.14 
(0.76) 
1.52 
(1.14) 2.03 
(1.52) 
2.41 
(1.90) 
30 
(20) 
45 
(30) 
60 
(45) 80 
(60) 
95 
(75)
OptionalOil-resistantthermo- 
plastic 
Electric vehicle chargingWet LocationsExtra-hard usage
  EVJT 5,6 30018–12  18–120.76 
(0.51) 
30 
(20)
    Hard usage
 Portable 
power 
cable
G200012–5002–6 plus grounding conductor(s)Thermoset12–2 
1–4/0 
250–500 
1.52 
2.03 
2.41
60 
80 
95
 Oil- 
resistant 
thermoset
Portable and extra-hard usage
  G-GC7200012–5003–6 plus grounding conductors and 1 ground check conductorThermoset12–2 
1–4/0 
250–500
1.52 
2.03 
2.41 
60 
80 
95
 Oil-resistant thermoset 
 Heater 
cord
HPD30018–122, 3, or 4Thermoset18–16 
15–12
0.38 
0.76
15 
30
NoneCotton or rayonPortable heatersDry loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
 Parallel 
heater 
cord
HPN830018–122 or 3Oil-resistant thermoset18–16 
15 
14 12 
1.14 
1.52 
2.41
45 
60 
95
NoneOil-resistant thermosetPortableDamp locationsNot hard usage
 Thermoset 
jacketed 
heater 
cords
HSJ30018–122, 3, or 4Thermoset18–16 
15–12
0.76 
1.14
30 
45
NoneCotton and thermosetPortable or portable heaterDamp loca- 
tions
Hard usage
  HSJO30018–12      Cotton and oil-resistant thermoset Damp and wet locations
  HSJOW930018–12        Damp locations
  HSJOO30018–12 Oil-resistant thermoset      
  HSJOOW 930018–12        Damp and wet locations 
 Non-integral 
parallel 
cords
NISP-130020–182 or 3Thermoset20–180.3815NoneThermosetPendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
 NISP-230018–1618–160.7630
 NISPE-1830020–18Thermoplastic elastomer20–180.3815Thermo- 
plastic  
elastomer
 NISPE-2830018–1618–160.7630
 NISPT-1830020–18Thermoplastic20–180.3815Thermo- 
plastic
 NISPT-2830018–1618–160.7630
 Twisted 
portable 
cord
PD300 
600
18–16 
14–10
2 or moreThermoset or thermoplastic18–16 
15–10
0.76 
1.14
30 
45
CottonCotton or rayonPendant or portableDry loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
 Portable 
power 
cable
PPE7200012–5001–6 plus optional grounding conductor(s)Thermoplastic elastomer12–2 
1–4/0 
250–500
1.52 
2.03 
2.41
60 
80 
95
 Oil-resistant thermo- 
plastic  
elastomer
Portable, extra-hard usage
 Hard 
service 
cord
S760018–22 or moreThermoset18–15
14–10 
8–2
0.76 
1.14 
1.52
30 
45 
60
NoneThermosetPendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Extra-hard usage
 Flexible 
stage and lighting power cable
SC7,106008–2501 or moreThermoset8–2 
1–4/0 
250
1.52 
2.03 
2.41 
60 
80 
95
 ThermosetPortable, extra-hard usage
  SCE7,10600  Thermoplastic elastomer    Thermo- 
plastic 
elastomer
 
  SCT7,10600  Thermoplastic    Thermo- 
plastic
 
 Hard service cordSE760018–22 or moreThermoplastic elastomer18–15
14–9 
8–2
0.76 
1.14 
1.52 
30 
45 
60
NoneThermo- 
plastic 
elastomer
Pendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Extra-hard usage
  SEW7, 9600         Damp and wet locations 
  SEO7600       Oil- 
resistant  
thermo- 
plastic elastomer
 Damp locations 
  SEOW7,9600         Damp and wet locations 
  SEOO7600  Oil-resistant thermoplastic elastomer      Damp locations 
  SEOOW7,9600        Damp and wet locations 
 Junior hard service cordSJ30018–102–6Thermoset18–11
10
0.76 
1.14 
30 
45
NoneThermosetPendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Hard usage
  SJE300  Thermoplastic elastomer    Thermo- 
plastic elastomer
   
  SJEW9300         Damp and wet locations 
  SJEO300       Oil- 
resistant  
thermo- 
plastic 
elastomer
 Damp locations 
  SJEOW9300         Damp and wet locations 
  SJEOO300  Oil-resistant thermoplastic elastomer      Damp locations 
  SJEOOW9300         Damp and wet locations 
  SJO300  Thermoset    Oil- 
resistant 
thermoset
 Damp locations 
  SJOW9300         Damp and wet locations 
  SJOO300  Oil-resistant thermoset      Damp locations 
  SJOOW9300         Damp and wet locations 
  SJT300  Thermoplastic    Thermo- 
plastic
 Damp locations 
  SJTW9300         Damp and wet locations 
  SJTO300   18–12 
10
0.76 
1.14
30 
45
 Oil- 
resistant  
thermo- 
lastic
 Damp locations 
  SJTOW9300        Damp and wet locations 
  SJTOO300 Oil-resistant thermoplastic      Damp locations 
  SJTOOW9300         Damp and wet locations 
 Hard service cordSO760018–22 or moreThermoset18–150.7630NoneOil- 
resistant  
thermoset
Pendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Extra-hard usage
  SOW7,9600         Damp and wet locations 
  SOO7600  Oil- 
resistant  
thermoset
14–9 
8–2
1.14 
1.52
45 
60
   Damp locations 
  SOOW7,9600         Damp and wet locations 
 All thermoset parallel cordSP-130020–182 or 3Thermoset20–180.7630NoneNonePendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
  SP-230018–16  18-161.1445     
  SP-330018–10  18–16 
15, 14 
12 
10
1.52 
2.03 
2.41 
2.80
60 
80 
95 
110
  Refrigerators, room air conditioners, and as permitted in 422.16(B)  
 All elastomer (thermo- 
plastic) parallel cord
SPE-1830020-182 or 3Thermoplastic elastomer20–180.7630NoneNonePendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
  SPE-2830018–16  18–161.1445     
  SPE-3830018–10  18–16 
15 
14 
12 
10
1.52 
2.03 
2.41 
2.80
60 
80 
95 
110
  Refrigerators, room air conditioners, and as permitted in 422.16(B)  
 All thermoplasticparallel cord SPT-130020–182 or 3Thermoplastic20–180.7630NoneNonePendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
  SPT-1W9300 2       Damp and wet locations 
  SPT-230018–162 or 3 18–161.1445   Damp locations 
  SPT-2W9300 2    Damp and wet locations 
  SPT-330018–102 or 318–16 
15 
14 
12 
10
1.52 
2.03 
2.41 
2.80
60 
80 
95 
110
Refriger 
ators, room  
air conditioners, and as permitted in 422.16(B)
Damp loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
 Range, dryer cableSRD30010–43 or 4Thermoset10–41.1445NoneThermosetPortableDamp loca- 
tions
Ranges, dryers
  SRDE30010–43 or 4Thermoplastic elastomer   NoneThermo- 
plastic elastomer
   
  SRDT30010–43 or 4Thermoplastic   NoneThermo- 
plastic
   
 Hard service cordST760018–22 or moreThermoplastic18–15
14– 9 
8–2
0.76 
1.14 
1.52
30 
45 
60
NoneThermo- 
plastic
Pendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Extra-hard usage
  STW7,9600         Damp and wet locations 
  STO7600       Oil- 
resistant 
thermo- 
lastic
 Damp locations 
  STOW7, 9600         Damp and wet locations 
  STOO7600  Oil-resistant thermoplastic      Damp locations 
  STOOW7600         Damp and wet locations 
 Vacuum cleaner cordSV30018–162 or 3Thermoset18–160.3815NoneThermosetPendant or portableDamp loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
  SVE300  Thermoplastic elastomer    Thermo- 
plastic elastomer
   
  SVEO300       Oil- 
resistant  
thermo- 
plastic  
elastomer
   
  SVEOO300  Oil-resistant thermoplastic elastomer        
  SVO300  Thermoset    Oil- 
resistant 
thermoset
   
  SVOO300  Oil-resistant thermoset    Oil- 
resistant  
thermoset
   
  SVT300  Thermoplastic    Thermoplastic   
  SVTO300  Thermoplastic    Oil- 
resistant  
thermo- 
plastic
   
  SVTOO300  Oil-resistant thermoplastic        
 Parallel tinsel cordTPT11300272Thermoplastic270.7630NoneThermo- 
plastic
Attached to an applianceDamp loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
 Jacketed tinsel 
cord
TST11300272Thermoplastic270.3815NoneThermo- 
plastic
Attached to an applianceDamp loca- 
tions
Not hard usage
 Portable power  
cable
W7200012–500 
501–1000
1–6 
1
Thermoset12–2 
1–4/0 
250–500 
501–1000
1.52 
2.03 
2.41 
2.80
60 
80  
95 
110
 Oil- 
resistant 
thermoset
Portable, extra-hard usage
Notes:
 
All types listed in Table 400.4 shall have individual conductors twisted together, except for Types HPN, SP-1, SP-2, SP-3, SPE-1, SPE-2, SPE-3, SPT-1, SPT-2, SPT-3, SPT-1W, SPT-2W, TPT, NISP-1, NISP-2, NISPT-1, NISPT-2, NISPE-1, NISPE-2, and three-conductor parallel versions of SRD, SRDE, and SRDT.
The individual conductors of all electrician cords, except those of heat-resistant cords, shall have a thermoset or thermoplastic insulation, except that the equipment grounding conductor, where used, shall be in accordance with 400.23(B).  
 
1Rubber-filled or varnished cambric tapes shall be permitted as a substitute for the inner braids. 
2Elevator traveling cables for operating control and signal circuits shall contain nonmetallic fillers as necessary to maintain concentricity. Cables shall have steel supporting members as required for suspension by 620.41. In locations subject to excessive moisture or corrosive vapors or gases, supporting members of other materials shall be permitted. Where steel supporting members are used, they shall run straight through the center of the cable assembly and shall not be cabled with the copper strands of any conductor. 
In addition to conductors used for control and signaling circuits, Types E, EO, ETP, and ETT elevator cables shall be permitted to incorporate in the construction one or more 20 AWG telephone conductor pairs, one or more coaxial cables, or one or more optical fibers. The 20 AWG conductor pairs shall be permitted to be covered with suitable shielding for telephone, audio, or higher frequency communications circuits; the coaxial cables consist of a center conductor, insulation, and a shield for use in video or other radio frequency communications circuits. The optical fiber shall be suitably covered with flame-retardant thermoplastic. The insulation of the conductors shall be rubber or thermoplastic of a thickness not less than specified for the other conductors of the particular type of cable. Metallic shields shall have their own protective covering. Where used, these components shall be permitted to be incorporated in any layer of the cable assembly but shall not run straight through the center.
3 Insulations and outer coverings that meet the requirements as flame retardant, limited smoke, and are so listed, shall be permitted to be marked for limited smoke after the Code type designation. 
4Elevator cables in sizes 20 AWG through 14 AWG are rated 300 volts, and sizes 10 AWG through 2 AWG are rated 600 volts. 12 AWG is rated 300 volts with a 0.76 mm (30 mil) insulation thickness and 600 volts with a 1.14 mm (45 mil) insulation thickness.
5Conductor size for Types EV, EVJ, EVE, EVJE, EVT, and EVJT cables apply to nonpower-limited circuits only. Conductors of power-limited (data, signal, or communications) circuits may extend beyond the stated AWG size range. All conductors shall be insulated for the same cable voltage rating. 
6Insulation thickness for Types EV, EVJ, EVEJE, EVT, and EVJT cables of nylon construction is indicated in parentheses. 
7Types G, G-GC, S, SC, SCE, SCT, SE, SEO, SEOO, SEW, SEOW, SEOOW, SO, SOO, SOW, SOOW, ST, STO, STOO, STW, STOW, STOOW, PPE, and W shall be permitted for use on theater stages, in garages, and elsewhere where flexible cords are permitted by this Code.
8The third conductor in Type HPN shall be used as an equipment grounding conductor only. The insulation of the equipment grounding conductor for Types SPE-1, SPE-2, SPE-3, SPT-1, SPT-2, SPT-3, NISPT-1, NISPT-2, NISPE-1, and NISPE-2 shall be permitted to be thermoset polymer. 
9Cords that comply with the requirements for outdoor cords and are so listed shall be permitted to be designated as weather and water resistant with the suffix “W” after the Code type designation. Cords with the “W” suffix are suitable for use in wet locations and are sunlight resistant. 
10The required outer covering on some single-conductor cables may be integral with the insulation. 
11Types TPT and TST shall be permitted in lengths not exceeding 2.5 m (8 ft) where attached directly, or by means of a special type of plug, to a portable appliance rated at 50 watts or less and of such nature that extreme flexibility of the cord is essential.
 
400.5 Ampacities for Electrical Flexible Cords and Cables.
(A) Electrician Ampacity Tables. Table 400.5(A)(1) provides the allowable ampacities, and Table 400.5(A)(2)provides the ampacities for flexible cords and cables with not more than three current-carrying conductors. These tables shall be used in conjunction with applicable end-use product standards to ensure selection of the proper size and type. Where cords and cables are used in ambient temperatures other than 30°C (86°F), the temperature correction factors from Table 310.15(B)(2)(a) that correspond to the temperature rating of the cord or cable shall be applied to the ampacity in Table 400.5(A)(1) and Table 400.5(A)(2). Cords and cables rated 105°C shall use correction factors in the 90°C column of Table 310.15(B)(2)(a) for temperature correction.Where the number of current-carrying conductors exceeds three, the allowable ampacity or the ampacity of each conductor shall be reduced from the three-conductor rating as shown in Table 400.5(A)(3).
 
Table 400.5(A)(1)  Allowable Ampacity for Flexible Cords and Cables [Based on Ambient Temperature of 30°C (86°F). See 400.13 and Table 400.4.
 Copper Conductor 
Size (AWG) 
 Thermoset Types C, E, EO, PD, S, SJ, SJO, SJOW, SJOO, SJOOW, SO, SOW, SOO, SOOW, SP-1, SP-2, SP-3, SRD, SV, SVO, SVOO, NISP-1, NISP-2  
 Thermoplastic Types TPT, TSTThermoplastic Types ETP, ETT, NISPE-1, NISPE-2, NISPT-1, NISPT-2, SE, SEW, SEO, SEOO,SEOW, SEOOW, SJE, SJEW, SJEO, SJEOO, SJEOW, SJEOOW, SJT, SJTW, SJTO, SJTOW, SJTOO, SJTOOW, SPE-1, SPE-2, SPE-3, SPT-1, SPT-1W, SPT-2, SPT-2W, SPT-3, ST, STW, SRDE, SRDT, STO, STOW, STOO, STOOW, SVE, SVEO, SVEOO, SVT, SVTO, SVTOO Types HPD, HPN, HSJ, HSJO, HSJOW,HSJOO, HSJOOW
   Column AaColumn Bb 
 27c0.5
 205de
 1871010
 1791213
 16101315
 15121617
 14151820
 131721
 12202530
 112327
 10253035
 92934
 83540
 64555
 46070
 28095
aThe allowable currents under Column A apply to three-conductor cords and other multiconductor cords connected to utilization equipment so that only three-conductors are current-carrying. 
bThe allowable currents under Column B apply to two-conductor cords and other multiconductor cords connected to utilization equipment so that only two conductors are current-carrying. 
cTinsel cord. 
dElevator cables only. 
e7 amperes for elevator cables only; 2 amperes for other types. 
 
Table 400.5(A)(2)  Ampacity of Cable Types SC, SCE, SCT, PPE, G, G-GC, and W. [Based on Ambient Temperature 
of 30°C (86°F). See Table 400.4.] 
  Temperature Rating of Cable
 Copper Conductor 
Size (AWG 
or kcmil)
60°C (140°F) 75°C (167°F) 90°C (194°F)
 D1E2F3 D1E2F3 D1E2F3
 123126 3731 4235
 104437 5243 5949
 8605548 706557 807465
 6807263 958877 1059987
 41059684 125115101 140130114
 312011399 145135118 165152133
 2140128112 170152133 190174152
 1165150131 195178156 220202177
 1/0195173151 230 207181 260234205
 2/0225199174 265238208 300271237
 3/0260230201 310275241 350313274
 4/0300265232 360317277 405361316
 250340296259 405354310 455402352
 300375330289 445395346 505449393
 350420363318 505435381 570495433
 400455392343 545 469410 615535468
 500515448392 620537470 700613536
 600575 690 780
 700630 755 855
 750655 785 885
 800680 815 920
 900730 870 985
 1000780 935 1055
1The ampacities under subheading D shall be permitted for single-conductor Types SC, SCE, SCT, PPE, and W cable only where the individual conductors are not installed in raceways and are not in physical contact with each other except in lengths not to exceed 600 mm (24 in.) where passing through the wall of an enclosure. 
2The ampacities under subheading E apply to two-conductor cables and other multiconductor cables connected to utilization equipment so that only two conductors are current-carrying. 
3The ampacities under subheading F apply to three-conductor cables and other multiconductor cables connected to utilization equipment so that only three conductors are current-carrying.
 
Table 400.5(A)(3)  Adjustment Factors for More Than Three Current-Carrying Conductors in a Flexible Cord or Cable
 Number of ConductorsPercent of Value in Table 400.5(A)(1) and Table 400.5(A)(2)
 4–680
 7–970
 10–2050
 21–3045
 31–4040
 41 and above35
Informational Note:  See Informative Annex B, Table B.310.15(B)(2)(11), for adjustment factors for more than three current-carrying conductors in a raceway or cable with load diversity. 
A neutral conductor that carries only the unbalanced current from other conductors of the same circuit shall not be required to meet the requirements of a current-carrying conductor.
In a 3-wire circuit consisting of two phase conductors and the neutral conductor of a 4-wire, 3-phase, wye-connected system, a common conductor carries approximately the same current as the line-to-neutral currents of the other conductors and shall be considered to be a current-carrying conductor.
On a 4-wire, 3-phase, wye circuit where more than 50 percent of the load consists of nonlinear loads, there are harmonic currents present in the neutral conductor and the neutral conductor shall be considered to be a current-carrying conductor.
An equipment grounding conductor shall not be considered a current-carrying conductor.
Where a single conductor is used for both equipment grounding and to carry unbalanced current from other conductors, as provided for in 250.140 for electric ranges and electric clothes dryers, it shall not be considered as a current-carrying conductor. 
(B) Ultimate Insulation Temperature. In no case shall conductors be associated together in such a way with respect to the kind of circuit, the wiring method used, or the number of conductors such that the limiting temperature of the conductors is exceeded. 
(C) Engineering Supervision. Under engineering supervision, conductor ampacities shall be permitted to be calculated in accordance with 310.15(C).
 
400.6 Markings.
(A) Standard Markings. Flexible cords and cables shall be marked by means of a printed tag attached to the coil reel or carton. The tag shall contain the information required in 310.120(A). Types S, SC, SCE, SCT, SE, SEO, SEOO, SJ, SJE, SJEO, SJEOO, SJO, SJT, SJTO, SJTOO, SO, SOO, ST, STO, STOO, SEW, SEOW, SEOOW, SJEW, SJEOW, SJEOOW, SJOW, SJTW, SJTOW, SJTOOW, SOW, SOOW, STW, STOW, and STOOW flexible cords and G, G-GC, PPE, and W flexible cables shall be durably marked on the surface at intervals not exceeding 610 mm (24 in.) with the type designation, size, and number of conductors. Required markings on tags, cords, and cables shall also include the maximum operating temperature of the flexible cord or cable.
(B) Optional Markings. Flexible cords and cable types listed in Table 400.4 shall be permitted to be surface marked to indicate special characteristics of the cable materials. These markings include, but are not limited to, markings for limited smoke, sunlight resistance, and so forth.
 
400.7 Uses Permitted.
(A) Uses. Flexible cords and cables shall be used only for the following:
(1) Pendants.
(2) Wiring of luminaires.
(3) Connection of portable luminaires, portable and mobile signs, or appliances.
(4) Elevator cables.
(5) Wiring of cranes and hoists.
(6) Connection of utilization equipment to facilitate frequent interchange.
(7) Prevention of the transmission of noise or vibration.
(8) Appliances where the fastening means and mechanical connections are specifically designed to permit ready removal for maintenance and repair, and the appliance is intended or identified for flexible cord connection.
(9) Connection of moving parts.
(10) Where specifically permitted elsewhere in this Code.
(11) Between an existing receptacle outlet and an inlet, where the inlet provides power to an additional single receptacle outlet. The wiring interconnecting the inlet to the single receptacle outlet shall be a Chapter 3 wiring method. The inlet, receptacle outlet, and Chapter 3 wiring method, including the flexible cord and fittings, shall be a listed assembly specific for this application.
(B) Attachment Plugs. Where used as permitted in 400.7(A)(3), (A)(6), and (A)(8), each flexible cord shall be equipped with an attachment plug and shall be energized from a receptacle outlet or cord connector body. Exception:  As permitted in 368.56.
 
400.8 Uses Not Permitted. Unless specifically permitted in 400.7, flexible cords and cables shall not be used for the following: 
(1) As a substitute for the fixed wiring of a structure
(2) Where run through holes in walls, structural ceilings, suspended ceilings, dropped ceilings, or floors
(3) Where run through doorways, windows, or similar openings 
(4) Where attached to building surfaces 
Exception to (4): Flexible cord and cable shall be permitted to be attached to building surfaces in accordance with the provisions of 368.56(B)
(5) Where concealed by walls, floors, or ceilings or located above suspended or dropped ceilings
(6) Where installed in raceways, except as otherwise permitted in this Code
(7) Where subject to physical damage
 
400.9 Splices. Electrical Flexible cord shall be used only in continuous lengths without splice or tap where initially installed in applications permitted by 400.7(A). The repair of hard-service cord and junior hard-service cord (see Trade Name column in Table 400.4) 14 AWG and larger shall be permitted if conductors are spliced in accordance with 110.14(B)and the completed splice retains the insulation, outer sheath properties, and usage characteristics of the cord being spliced.
 
400.10 Pull at Joints and Electrical Terminals. Flexible cords and cables shall be connected to devices and to fittings so that tension is not transmitted to joints or terminals.
Exception:  Listed portable single-pole devices that are intended to accommodate such tension at their terminals shall be permitted to be used with single-conductor flexible cable. 
Informational Note:  Some methods of preventing pull on a cord from being transmitted to joints or terminals include knotting the cord, winding with tape, and using support or strain-relief fittings.
 
400.11 In Show Windows and Showcases. Flexible electrial cords used in show windows and showcases shall be Types S, SE, SEO, SEOO, SJ, SJE, SJEO, SJEOO, SJO, SJOO, SJT, SJTO, SJTOO, SO, SOO, ST, STO, STOO, SEW, SEOW, SEOOW, SJEW, SJEOW, SJEOOW, SJOW, SJOOW, SJTW, SJTOW, SJTOOW, SOW, SOOW, STW, STOW, or STOOW.
Exception No. 1:  For the wiring of chain-supported luminaires.
Exception No. 2:  As supply cords for portable luminaires and other merchandise being displayed or exhibited.
 
400.13 Overcurrent Protection. Flexible cords not smaller than 18 AWG, and tinsel cords or cords having equivalent characteristics of smaller size approved for use with specific appliances, shall be considered as protected against overcurrent in accordance with 240.5.
 
400.14 Protection from Damage. Flexible cords and cables shall be protected by bushings or fittings where passing through holes in covers, outlet boxes, or similar enclosures.
In industrial establishments where the conditions of maintenance and supervision ensure that only qualified persons service the installation, flexible cords and cables shall be permitted to be installed in aboveground raceways that are no longer than 15 m (50 ft) to protect the flexible cord or cable from physical damage. Where more than three current-carrying conductors are installed within the raceway, the allowable ampacity shall be reduced in accordance with Table 400.5(A)(3).
 
II. Construction Specifications for electricians
400.20 Labels. Flexible cords shall be examined and tested at the factory and labeled before shipment.
 
400.21 Construction for Electrician.
(A) Conductors. The individual conductors of a flexible cord or cable shall have flexible stranding and shall not be smaller than the sizes specified in Table 400.4
(B) Nominal Insulation Thickness. The nominal thickness of insulation for conductors of flexible cords and cables shall not be less than specified in Table 400.4.
 
400.22 Grounded-Conductor Identification for Electrical. One conductor of flexible cords that is intended to be used as a grounded circuit conductor shall have a continuous marker that readily distinguishes it from the other conductor or conductors. The identification shall consist of one of the methods indicated in 400.22(A) through (F).
(A) Colored Braid. A braid finished to show a white or gray color and the braid on the other conductor or conductors finished to show a readily distinguishable solid color or colors.
(B) Tracer in Braid. A tracer in a braid of any color contrasting with that of the braid and no tracer in the braid of the other conductor or conductors. No tracer shall be used in the braid of any conductor of a flexible cord that contains a conductor having a braid finished to show white or gray.
Exception:  In the case of Types C and PD and cords having the braids on the individual conductors finished to show white or gray. In such cords, the identifying marker shall be permitted to consist of the solid white or gray finish on one conductor, provided there is a colored tracer in the braid of each other conductor.
(C) Colored Insulation. A white or gray insulation on one conductor and insulation of a readily distinguishable color or colors on the other conductor or conductors for cords having no braids on the individual conductors.
For jacketed cords furnished with appliances, one conductor having its insulation colored light blue, with the other conductors having their insulation of a readily distinguishable color other than white or gray.
Exception:  Cords that have insulation on the individual conductors integral with the jacket.
The insulation shall be permitted to be covered with an outer finish to provide the desired color.
(D) Colored Separator. A white or gray separator on one conductor and a separator of a readily distinguishable solid color on the other conductor or conductors of cords having insulation on the individual conductors integral with the jacket.
(E) Tinned Conductors. One conductor having the individual strands tinned and the other conductor or conductors having the individual strands untinned for cords having insulation on the individual conductors integral with the jacket.
(F) Surface Marking. One or more ridges, grooves, or white stripes located on the exterior of the cord so as to identify one conductor for cords having insulation on the individual conductors integral with the jacket.
 
400.23 Equipment Grounding Conductor Identification, things to know as a electrician. A conductor intended to be used as an equipment grounding conductor shall have a continuous identifying marker readily distinguishing it from the other conductor or conductors. Conductors having a continuous green color or a continuous green color with one or more yellow stripes shall not be used for other than equipment grounding conductors. Cords or cables consisting of integral insulation and a jacket without a nonintegral grounding conductor shall be permitted to be green. The identifying marker shall consist of one of the methods in 400.23(A) or (B). 
(A) Colored Braid. A braid finished to show a continuous green color or a continuous green color with one or more yellow stripes.
(B) Colored Insulation or Covering. For cords having no braids on the individual conductors, an insulation of a continuous green color or a continuous green color with one or more yellow stripes.
 
400.24 Attachment Plugs. Where a flexible cord is provided with an equipment grounding conductor and equipped with an attachment plug, the attachment plug shall comply with 250.138(A) and (B).
 
III. Portable Cables Over 600 Volts, Nominal
400.30 Scope. Part III applies to single andmulticonductor portable cables used to connect mobile equipment and machinery.
 
400.31 Construction.
(A) Conductors. The conductors shall be 12 AWG copper or larger and shall employ flexible stranding.
(B) Equipment Grounding Conductor(s). An equipment grounding conductor(s) shall be provided in cables with three or more conductors. The total area shall not be less than that of the size of the equipment grounding conductor required in 250.122.
 
400.32 Shielding. All shields shall be connected to an equipment grounding conductor.
 
400.33 Equipment Grounding Conductors.Equipment grounding conductors shall be connected in accordance with Parts VI and VII of Article 250.
 
400.34 Minimum Bending Radii. The minimum bending radii for portable cables during installation and handling in service shall be adequate to prevent damage to the cable.
 
400.35 Fittings. Connectors used to connect lengths of cable in a run shall be of a type that locks firmly together. Provisions shall be made to prevent opening or closing these connectors while energized. Suitable means shall be used to eliminate tension at connectors and terminations.
 
400.36 Splices and Terminations electrical. Portable cables shall not contain splices unless the splices are of the permanent molded, vulcanized types in accordance with 110.14(B). Terminations on portable cables rated over 600 volts, nominal, shall be accessible only to authorized and qualified personnel.
 
ARTICLE 402 Fixture Wires
402.1 Scope. This article covers general requirements and construction specifications for fixture wires.
 
402.2 Other Articles. Fixture wires shall comply with this article and also with the applicable provisions of other articles of this Code.
Informational Note:  For application in luminaires, see Article 410.
 
402.3 Types. Fixture wires shall be of a type listed in Table 402.3, and they shall comply with all requirements of that table. The fixture wires listed in Table 402.3 are all suitable for service at 600 volts, nominal, unless otherwise specified.
Informational Note:  Thermoplastic insulation may stiffen at temperatures colder than -10°C (+14°F), requiring that care be exercised during installation at such temperatures. Thermoplastic insulation may also be deformed at normal temperatures where subjected to pressure, requiring that care be exercised during installation and at points of support.
 
Table 402.3  Fixture Wires
 Name   Thickness of Insulation   
 Type 
Letter
InsulationAWGmmmilsOuter CoveringMaximum 
Operating 
Temperature
Application 
Provisions
 Heat-resistant 
rubber- 
covered fixture wire — 
flexible 
stranding
FFH-2Heat-resistant rubber18–160.76 30Nonmetallic 
covering
75°C 
167°F
Fixture wiring
 Cross-linked 
synthetic 
polymer
18–160.76 30
 ECTFE — 
solid or  
7-strand
HFEthylene 
chlorotri- 
fluoroethylene
18–140.3815None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring
 ECTFE — 
flexible 
stranding
HFFEthylene 
chlorotriflu- 
oroethylene
18–140.3815None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring
 Tape insulated 
fixture wire 
— solid or 
7-strand
KF-1Aromatic 
polyimide 
tape
18–100.145.5None200°C 
392°F
Fixture wiring 
— limited to 
300 volts
 KF-2Aromatic 
polyimide 
tape
18–100.218.4None200°C 
392°F
Fixture wiring
 Tape insulated 
fixture wire 
— flexible 
stranding
KFF-1Aromatic 
polyimide 
tape
18–100.145.5None200°C 
392°F
Fixture wiring 
— limited to 
300 volts
 KFF-2Aromatic 
polyimide 
tape
18–100.218.4None200°C 
392°F
Fixture wiring
 Perfluoro- 
alkoxy— 
solid or  
7-strand 
(nickel or 
nickel-coated 
copper)
PAFPerfluoro- 
alkoxy
18–140.5120None250°C 
482°F 
Fixture wiring 
(nickel or 
nickel-coated 
copper)
 Perfluoro-alkoxy 
— flexible 
stranding
PAFFPerfluoro- 
alkoxy
18–140.5120None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring
 Fluorinated 
ethylene 
propylene 
fixture wire 
— solid or 
7-strand 
PFFluorinated 
ethylene 
propylene 
18–140.5120None200°C 
392°F
Fixture wiring
 Fluorinated 
ethylene 
propylene 
fixture wire 
— flexible 
stranding
PFFFluorinated 
ethylene 
propylene
18–140.5120None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring
 Fluorinated 
ethylene 
propylene 
fixture wire 
— solid or 
7-strand
PGFFluorinated 
ethylene 
propylene
18–140.3614Glass braid200°C 
392°F
Fixture wiring
 Fluorinated 
ethylene 
propylene 
fixture wire 
— flexible 
stranding
PGFFFluorinated 
ethylene 
propylene
18–140.3614Glass braid150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring
 Extruded 
polytetraflu- 
oroethylene 
— solid or 
7-strand 
(nickel or 
nickel-coated 
copper)
PTFExtruded 
polytetraflu- 
oroethylene
18–140.5120None250°C 
482°F
Fixture wiring 
(nickel or 
nickel-coated 
copper)
 Extruded 
polytetraflu- 
oroethylene 
— flexible 
stranding 
26-36 (AWG 
silver or 
nickel- 
coated copper)
PTFFExtruded 
polytetraflu- 
oroethylene
18–140.5120None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring 
(silver or 
nickel-coated 
copper)
 Heat-resistant 
rubber- 
covered 
fixture wire 
— solid or 
7-strand
RFH-1Heat-resistant 
rubber
180.3815Nonmetallic 
covering
75°C 
167°F
Fixture wiring 
— limited to 
300 volts
 RFH-2Heat-resistant 
rubber 
Cross-linked 
synthetic 
polymer
18–160.7630None or non- 
metallic 
covering
75°C 
167°F
Fixture wiring
 Heat-resistant 
cross-linked 
synthetic polymer-insu- 
lated 
fixture wire 
— solid or  
7-strand 
RFHH-2*Cross-linked 
synthetic 
polymer
18–160.7630None or non- 
metallic 
covering
90°C 
194°F
Fixture wiring 
— 
 RFHH-3* 18–161.1445   
 Silicone 
insulated 
fixture wire 
— solid or 
7-strand
SF-1Silicone 
rubber
180.3815Nonmetallic 
covering
200°C 
392°F
Fixture wiring 
— limited to 
300 volts
 SF-2Silicone 
rubber
18–12 
10
0.76 
1.14
30 
45
Nonmetallic 
covering
200°C 
392°F
Fixture wiring
 Silicone 
insulated 
fixture wire 
— flexible 
stranding
SFF-1Silicone 
rubber
180.3815Nonmetallic 
covering
150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring 
— limited to 
300 volts
 SFF-2Silicone 
rubber
18–12 
10
0.76 
1.14
30 
45
Nonmetallic 
covering
150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring
 Thermoplastic 
covered 
fixture wire 
— solid or 
7-strand
TF*Thermoplastic18–160.7630None60°C 
140°F 
Fixture wiring
 Thermoplastic 
covered 
fixture wire 
— flexible 
stranding
TFF*Thermoplastic18–160.7630None60°C 
140°F
Fixture wiring
 Heat-resistant 
thermo- 
plastic 
covered fixture wire 
— solid or 
7-strand
TFN*Thermoplastic18–160.3815Nylon- 
jacket- 
ed or 
equivalent
90°C 
194°F
Fixture wiring
 Heat-resistant 
thermo- 
plastic 
covered 
fixture wire 
— flexible 
stranded
TFFN*Thermoplastic18–160.3815Nylon- 
jacket- 
ed or 
equivalent
90°C 
194°F
Fixture wiring
 Cross-linked 
polyolefin 
insulated 
fixture wire 
— solid or 
7-strand
XF*Cross-linked 
polyolefin
18–14 
12-10
0.76 
1.14
30 
45
None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring 
— limited to 
300 volts
 Cross-linked 
polyolefin 
insulated fixture wire 
— flexible 
stranded
XFF*Cross-linked 
polyolefin
18–14 
12–10
0.76 
1.14 
30 
45
None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring 
— limited to 
300 volts
 Modified ETFE 
— solid or 
7-strand
ZFModified 
ethylene 
tetrafluoro- 
ethylene
18–140.3815None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring
 Flexible 
stranding
ZFFModified 
ethylene 
tetrafluoro- 
ethylene
18–140.3815None150°C 
302°F
Fixture wiring
 High temp. 
modified 
ETFE— 
solid or  
7-strand
ZHFModified 
ethylene 
tetrafluoro- 
ethylene
18–140.3815None200°C 
392°F 
Fixture wiring
*Insulations and outer coverings that meet the requirements of flame retardant, limited smoke, and are so listed, shall be permitted to be marked for limited smoke after the Code type designation.
 
402.5 Allowable Ampacities for Fixture Wires. The allowable ampacity of fixture wire shall be as specified in Table 402.5
No conductor shall be used under such conditions that its operating temperature exceeds the temperature specified in Table 402.3 for the type of insulation involved.
Informational Note:  See 310.15(A)(3) for temperature limitation of conductors. 
 
Table 402.5  Allowable Ampacity for Fixture Wires
 Size (AWG)Allowable Ampacity
 186
 168
 1417
 1223
 1028

 
402.6 Minimum Size. Fixture wires shall not be smaller than 18 AWG.
 
402.7 Number of Conductors in Conduit or Tubing. The number of fixture wires permitted in a single conduit or tubing shall not exceed the percentage fill specified in Table 1, Chapter 9.
 
402.8 Grounded Conductor Identification. Fixture wires that are intended to be used as grounded conductors shall be identified by one or more continuous white stripes on other than green insulation or by the means described in 400.22(A)through (E).
 
402.9 Marking.
(A) Method of Marking. Thermoplastic insulated fixture wire shall be durably marked on the surface at intervals not exceeding 610 mm (24 in.). All other fixture wire shall be marked by means of a printed tag attached to the coil, reel, or carton.
(B) Optional Marking. Fixture wire types listed in Table 402.3 shall be permitted to be surface marked to indicate special characteristics of the cable materials. These markings include, but are not limited to, markings for limited smoke, sunlight resistance, and so forth.
 
402.10 Uses Permitted. Fixture wires shall be permitted (1) for installation in luminaires and in similar equipment where enclosed or protected and not subject to bending or twisting in use, or (2) for connecting luminaires to the branch-circuit conductors supplying the luminaires.
 
402.11 Uses Not Permitted. Fixture wires shall not be used as branch-circuit conductors except as permitted elsewhere in this Code.
 
402.12 Overcurrent Protection. Overcurrent protection for fixture wires shall be as specified in 240.5.
 
ARTICLE 404 Switches
I. Installation
404.1 Scope: More information for Phoenix electricians; The provisions of this article apply to all switches, switching devices, and circuit breakers used as switches operating at 1000 volts and below, unless specifically referenced elsewhere in this Codefor higher voltages.
 
(C) Switches Controlling Lighting Loads. The grounded circuit conductor for the controlled lighting circuit shall be provided at the location where switches control lighting loads that are supplied by a grounded general-purpose branch circuit for other than the following:
(1) Where conductors enter the box enclosing the switch through a raceway, provided that the raceway is large enough for all contained conductors, including a grounded conductor 
(2) Where the box enclosing the switch is accessible for the installation of an additional or replacement cable without removing finish materials
(3) Where snap switches with integral enclosures comply with 300.15(E)
(4) Where a switch does not serve a habitable room or bathroom
(5) Where multiple switch locations control the same lighting load such that the entire floor area of the room or space is visible from the single or combined switch locations
(6) Where lighting in the area is controlled by automatic means
(7) Where a switch controls a receptacle load
Informational Note:  The provision for a (future) grounded conductor is to complete a circuit path for electronic lighting control devices.
 
(A) General. Switches and circuit breakers shall be of the externally operable type mounted in an enclosure listed for the intended use. The minimum wire-bending space at terminals and minimum gutter space provided in switch enclosures shall be as required in 312.6.
Electrician Exception No. 1:  Pendant- and surface-type snap switches and knife switches mounted on an open-face switchboard or panelboard shall be permitted without enclosures.
Electrician Exception No. 2:  Switches and circuit breakers installed in accordance with 110.27(A)(1), (A)(2), (A)(3), or (A)(4) shall be permitted without enclosures.
(B) Used as a Raceway. Enclosures shall not be used as junction boxes, auxiliary gutters, or raceways for conductors feeding through or tapping off to other switches or overcurrent devices, unless the enclosure complies with 312.8.
 
404.4 Damp or Wet Locations.
(A) Surface-Mounted Switch or Circuit Breaker. A surface-mounted switch or circuit breaker shall be enclosed in a weatherproof enclosure or cabinet that shall comply with 312.2
(B) Flush-Mounted Switch or Circuit Breaker. A flush-mounted switch or circuit breaker shall be equipped with a weatherproof cover. 
(C) Switches in Tub or Shower Spaces. Switches shall not be installed within tubs or shower spaces unless installed as part of a listed tub or shower assembly.
 
404.5 Time Switches, Flashers, and Similar Devices. Time switches, flashers, and similar devices shall be of the enclosed type or shall be mounted in cabinets or boxes or equipment enclosures. Energized parts shall be barriered to prevent operator exposure when making manual adjustments or switching.
Exception:  Devices mounted so they are accessible only to qualified persons shall be permitted without barriers, provided they are located within an enclosure such that any energized parts within 152 mm (6.0 in.) of the manual adjustment or switch are covered by suitable barriers.
 
404.6 Position and Connection of Switches.
(A) Single-Throw Knife Switches. Single-throw knife switches shall be placed so that gravity will not tend to close them. Single-throw knife switches, approved for use in the inverted position, shall be provided with an integral mechanical means that ensures that the blades remain in the open position when so set. 
(B) Double-Throw Knife Switches. Double-throw knife switches shall be permitted to be mounted so that the throw is either vertical or horizontal. Where the throw is vertical, integral mechanical means shall be provided to hold the blades in the open position when so set. 
(C) Connection of Switches. Single-throw knife switches and switches with butt contacts shall be connected such that their blades are de-energized when the switch is in the open position. Bolted pressure contact switches shall have barriers that prevent inadvertent contact with energized blades. Single-throw knife switches, bolted pressure contact switches, molded case switches, switches with butt contacts, and circuit breakers used as switches shall be connected so that the terminals supplying the load are de-energized when the switch is in the open position.
Electrician Exception:  The blades and terminals supplying the load of a switch shall be permitted to be energized when the switch is in the open position where the switch is connected to circuits or equipment inherently capable of providing a backfeed source of power. For such installations, a permanent sign shall be installed on the switch enclosure or immediately adjacent to open switches with the following words or equivalent: 
WARNING — LOAD SIDE TERMINALS MAY BE ENERGIZED BY BACKFEED. The warning sign or label shall comply with 110.21(B).
 
404.7 Indicating. General-use and motor-circuit switches, circuit breakers, and molded case switches, where mounted in an enclosure as described in 404.3, shall clearly indicate whether they are in the open (off) or closed (on) position.
Where these switch or circuit breaker handles are operated vertically rather than rotationally or horizontally, the up position of the handle shall be the closed (on) position. 
Exception No. 1:  Vertically operated double-throw switches shall be permitted to be in the closed (on) position with the handle in either the up or down position.
Exception No. 2:  On busway installations, tap switches employing a center-pivoting handle shall be permitted to be open or closed with either end of the handle in the up or down position. The switch position shall be clearly indicating and shall be visible from the floor or from the usual point of operation.
 
(A) Location. All switches and circuit breakers used as switches shall be located so that they may be operated from a readily accessible place. They shall be installed such that the center of the grip of the operating handle of the switch or circuit breaker, when in its highest position, is not more than 2.0 m (6 ft 7 in.) above the floor or working platform.
Electrician Exception No. 1:  On busway installations, fused switches and circuit breakers shall be permitted to be located at the same level as the busway. Suitable means shall be provided to operate the handle of the device from the floor.
Electrician Exception No. 2:  Switches and circuit breakers installed adjacent to motors, appliances, or other equipment that they supply shall be permitted to be located higher than 2.0 m (6 ft 7 in.) and to be accessible by portable means.
Exception No. 3:  Hookstick operable isolating switches shall be permitted at greater heights.
(B) Voltage Between Adjacent Devices. A snap switch shall not be grouped or ganged in enclosures with other snap switches, receptacles, or similar devices, unless they are arranged so that the voltage between adjacent devices does not exceed 300 volts, or unless they are installed in enclosures equipped with identified, securely installed barriers between adjacent devices. 
(C) Multipole Snap Switches. A multipole, general-use snap switch shall not be permitted to be fed from more than a single circuit unless it is listed and marked as a two-circuit or three-circuit switch.
 
404.9 Provisions for General-Use Snap Switches.
(A) Faceplates. Faceplates provided for snap switches mounted in boxes and other enclosures shall be installed so as to completely cover the opening and, where the switch is flush mounted, seat against the finished surface. 
(B) Grounding. Snap switches, including dimmer and similar control switches, shall be connected to an equipment grounding conductor and shall provide a means to connect metal faceplates to the equipment grounding conductor, whether or not a metal faceplate is installed. Snap switches shall be considered to be part of an effective ground-fault current path if either of the following conditions is met:
(1) The switch is mounted with metal screws to a metal box or metal cover that is connected to an equipment grounding conductor or to a nonmetallic box with integral means for connecting to an equipment grounding conductor.
(2) An equipment grounding conductor or equipment bonding jumper is connected to an equipment grounding termination of the snap switch.
Exception No. 1 to (B): Where no means exists within the snap-switch enclosure for connecting to the equipment grounding conductor, or where the wiring method does not include or provide an equipment grounding conductor, a snap switch without a connection to an equipment grounding conductor shall be permitted for replacement purposes only. A snap switch wired under the provisions of this exception and located within 2.5 m (8 ft) vertically, or 1.5 m (5 ft) horizontally, of ground or exposed grounded metal objects shall be provided with a faceplate of nonconducting noncombustible material with nonmetallic attachment screws, unless the switch mounting strap or yoke is nonmetallic or the circuit is protected by a ground-fault circuit interrupter. 
Exception No. 2 to (B): Listed kits or listed assemblies shall not be required to be connected to an equipment grounding conductor if all of the following conditions are met: 
(1) The device is provided with a nonmetallic faceplate that cannot be installed on any other type of device,
(2) The device does not have mounting means to accept other configurations of faceplates,
(3) The device is equipped with a nonmetallic yoke, and
(4) All parts of the device that are accessible after installation of the faceplate are manufactured of nonmetallic materials.
Electrician Exception No. 3 to (B): A snap switch with integral nonmetallic enclosure complying with 300.15(E) shall be permitted without a connection to an equipment grounding conductor. 
(C) Construction. Metal faceplates shall be of ferrous metal not less than 0.76 mm (0.030 in.) in thickness or of nonferrous metal not less than 1.02 mm (0.040 in.) in thickness. Faceplates of insulating material shall be noncombustible and not less than 2.54 mm (0.100 in.) in thickness, but they shall be permitted to be less than 2.54 mm (0.100 in.) in thickness if formed or reinforced to provide adequate mechanical strength.
 
404.10 Mounting of Snap Switches.
(A) Surface Type. Snap switches used with open wiring on insulators shall be mounted on insulating material that separates the conductors at least 13 mm (½ in.) from the surface wired over.
(B) Box Mounted. Flush-type snap switches mounted in boxes that are set back of the finished surface as permitted in 314.20 shall be installed so that the extension plaster ears are seated against the surface. Flush-type snap switches mounted in boxes that are flush with the finished surface or project from it shall be installed so that the mounting yoke or strap of the switch is seated against the box. Screws used for the purpose of attaching a snap switch to a box shall be of the type provided with a listed snap switch, or shall be machine screws having 32 threads per inch or part of listed assemblies or systems, in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
 
404.11 Circuit Breakers as Switches. A hand-operable circuit breaker equipped with a lever or handle, or a power-operated circuit breaker capable of being opened by hand in the event of a power failure, shall be permitted to serve as a switch if it has the required number of poles. 
Informational Note:  See the provisions contained in 240.81 and 240.83.
 
404.12 Grounding of Enclosures. Metal enclosures for switches or circuit breakers shall be connected to an equipment grounding conductor as specified in Part IV of Article 250. Metal enclosures for switches or circuit breakers used as service equipment shall comply with the provisions of Part V of Article 250. Where nonmetallic enclosures are used with metal raceways or metal-armored cables, provision shall be made for connecting the equipment grounding conductor(s).
Except as covered in 404.9(B), Exception No. 1, nonmetallic boxes for switches shall be installed with a wiring method that provides or includes an equipment grounding conductor.
 
404.13 Knife Switches.
(A) Isolating Switches. Knife switches rated at over 1200 amperes at 250 volts or less, and at over 1000amperes at 251 to 1000 volts, shall be used only as isolating switches and shall not be opened under load. 
(B) To Interrupt Currents. To interrupt currents over 1200 amperes at 250 volts, nominal, or less, or over 600 amperes at 251 to 600 volts, nominal, a circuit breaker or a switch of special design listed for such purpose shall be used.
(C) General-Use Switches. Knife switches of ratings less than specified in 404.13(A) and (B) shall be considered general-use switches.
Informational Note:  See the definition of General-Use Switch in Article 100.
(D) Motor-Circuit Switches. Motor-circuit switches shall be permitted to be of the knife-switch type.
Informational Note:  See the definition of a Motor-Circuit Switch in Article 100.
 
404.14 Rating and Use of Snap Switches. Snap switches shall be used within their ratings and as indicated in 404.14(A) through (F). 
Informational Note No. 1:  For switches on signs and outline lighting, see 600.6.
Informational Note No. 2:  For switches controlling motors, see 430.83430.109, and 430.110.
(A) Alternating-Current General-Use Snap Switch. A form of general-use snap switch suitable only for use on ac circuits for controlling the following: 
(1) Resistive and inductive loads not exceeding the ampere rating of the switch at the voltage applied 
(2) Tungsten-filament lamp loads not exceeding the ampere rating of the switch at 120 volts
(3) Motor loads not exceeding 80 percent of the ampere rating of the switch at its rated voltage
(B) Alternating-Current or Direct-Current General-Use Snap Switch. A form of general-use snap switch suitable for use on either ac or dc circuits for controlling the following: 
(1) Resistive loads not exceeding the ampere rating of the switch at the voltage applied.
(2) Inductive loads not exceeding 50 percent of the ampere rating of the switch at the applied voltage. Switches rated in horsepower are suitable for controlling motor loads within their rating at the voltage applied.
(3) Tungsten-filament lamp loads not exceeding the ampere rating of the switch at the applied voltage if T-rated.
(C) CO/ALR Snap Switches. Snap switches rated 20 amperes or less directly connected to aluminum conductors shall be listed and marked CO/ALR.
(D) Alternating-Current Specific-Use Snap Switches Rated for 347 Volts. Snap switches rated 347 volts ac shall be listed and shall be used only for controlling the loads permitted by (D)(1) and (D)(2).
(1) Noninductive Loads. Noninductive loads other than tungsten-filament lamps not exceeding the ampere and voltage ratings of the switch.
(2) Inductive Loads. Inductive loads not exceeding the ampere and voltage ratings of the switch. Where particular load characteristics or limitations are specified as a condition of the listing, those restrictions shall be observed regardless of the ampere rating of the load.
The ampere rating of the switch shall not be less than 15 amperes at a voltage rating of 347 volts ac. Flush-type snap switches rated 347 volts ac shall not be readily interchangeable in box mounting with switches identified in 404.14(A) and (B).
(E) Dimmer Switches. General-use dimmer switches shall be used only to control permanently installed incandescent luminaires unless listed for the control of other loads and installed accordingly.
(F) Cord- and Plug-Connected Loads. Where a snap switch is used to control cord- and plug-connected equipment on a general-purpose branch circuit, each snap switch controlling receptacle outlets or cord connectors that are supplied by permanently connected cord pendants shall be rated at not less than the rating of the maximum permitted ampere rating or setting of the overcurrent device protecting the receptacles or cord connectors, as provided in 210.21(B)
Informational Note:  See 210.50(A) and 400.7(A)(1) for equivalency to a receptacle outlet of a cord connector that is supplied by a permanently connected cord pendant. 
Exception:  Where a snap switch is used to control not more than one receptacle on a branch circuit, the switch shall be permitted to be rated at not less than the rating of the receptacle.
 
II. Construction Specifications
404.15 Marking.
(A) Ratings. Switches shall be marked with the current, voltage, and, if horsepower rated, the maximum rating for which they are designed.
(B) Off Indication. Where in the off position, a switching device with a marked OFF position shall completely disconnect all ungrounded conductors to the load it controls.
 
404.16 Knife Switches Rated 600 to 1000 Volts.Auxiliary contacts of a renewable or quick-break type or the equivalent shall be provided on all knife switches rated 600 to 1000 volts and designed for use in breaking current over 200 amperes.
 
404.17 Fused Switches electrical. A fused switch shall not have fuses in parallel except as permitted in 240.8.
 
404.18 Wire-Bending Space. The wire-bending space required by 404.3 shall meet Table 312.6(B)spacings to the enclosure wall opposite the line and load terminals.
 
ARTICLE 406 Receptacles, Cord Connectors, and Attachment Plugs (Caps)
406.1 Scope. This article covers the rating, type, and installation of receptacles, cord connectors, and attachment plugs (cord caps).
 
406.2 Definition.
Child Care Facility. A building or structure, or portion thereof, for educational, supervisory, or personal care services for more than four children 7 years old or less.
 
406.3 Receptacle Rating and Type.
(A) Receptacles. Receptacles shall be listed and marked with the manufacturer’s name or identification and voltage and ampere ratings. 
(B) Rating. Receptacles and cord connectors shall be rated not less than 15 amperes, 125 volts, or 15 amperes, 250 volts, and shall be of a type not suitable for use as lampholders.
Informational Note:  See 210.21(B) for receptacle ratings where installed on branch circuits.
(C) Receptacles for Aluminum Conductors.Receptacles rated 20 amperes or less and designed for the direct connection of aluminum conductors shall be marked CO/ALR.
(D) Isolated Ground Receptacles. Receptacles incorporating an isolated grounding conductor connection intended for the reduction of electrical noise (electromagnetic interference) as permitted in 250.146(D) shall be identified by an orange triangle located on the face of the receptacle.
(1) Isolated Equipment Grounding Conductor Required. Receptacles so identified shall be used only with equipment grounding conductors that are isolated in accordance with 250.146(D).
(2) Installation in Nonmetallic Boxes. Isolated ground receptacles installed in nonmetallic boxes shall be covered with a nonmetallic faceplate.
Exception:  Where an isolated ground receptacle is installed in a nonmetallic box, a metal faceplate shall be permitted if the box contains a feature or accessory that permits the effective grounding of the faceplate.
(E) Controlled Receptacle Marking. All nonlocking-type, 125-volt, 15- and 20-ampere receptacles that are controlled by an automatic control device, or that incorporate control features that remove power from the outlet for the purpose of energy management or building automation, shall be marked with the symbol shown in Figure 406.3(E)and located on the controlled receptacle outlet where visible after installation.
Figure 406.3(E)  Controlled Receptacle Marking Symbol.
Exception:  The marking is not required for receptacles controlled by a wall switch that provide the required room lighting outlets as permitted by210.70.
 
406.4 General Installation Requirements.Receptacle outlets shall be located in branch circuits in accordance with Part III of Article 210. General installation requirements shall be in accordance with 406.4(A) through (F). 
(A) Grounding Type. Except as provided in 406.4(D), receptacles installed on 15- and 20-ampere branch circuits shall be of the grounding type. Grounding-type receptacles shall be installed only on circuits of the voltage class and current for which they are rated, except as provided in Table 210.21(B)(2) and Table 210.21(B)(3)
(B) To Be Grounded. Receptacles and cord connectors that have equipment grounding conductor contacts shall have those contacts connected to an equipment grounding conductor.
Exception No. 1:  Receptacles mounted on portable and vehicle-mounted generators in accordance with 250.34.
Exception No. 2:  Replacement receptacles as permitted by 406.4(D).
(C) Methods of Grounding. The equipment grounding conductor contacts of receptacles and cord connectors shall be grounded by connection to the equipment grounding conductor of the circuit supplying the receptacle or cord connector.
Informational Note:  For installation requirements for the reduction of electrical noise, see 250.146(D).
The branch-circuit wiring method shall include or provide an equipment grounding conductor to which the equipment grounding conductor contacts of the receptacle or cord connector are connected.
Informational Note No. 1:  See 250.118 for acceptable grounding means. 
Informational Note No. 2:  For extensions of existing branch circuits, see 250.130
(D) Replacements. Replacement of receptacles shall comply with 406.4(D)(1) through (D)(6), as applicable. Arc-fault circuit-interrupter type and ground-fault circuit-interrupter type receptacles shall be installed in a readily accessible location.
(1) Grounding-Type Receptacles. Where a grounding means exists in the receptacle enclosure or an equipment grounding conductor is installed in accordance with 250.130(C), grounding-type receptacles shall be used and shall be connected to the equipment grounding conductor in accordance with 406.4(C) or 250.130(C).
(2) Non–Grounding-Type Receptacles. Where attachment to an equipment grounding conductor does not exist in the receptacle enclosure, the installation shall comply with (D)(2)(a), (D)(2)(b), or (D)(2)(c). 
(a) A non–grounding-type receptacle(s) shall be permitted to be replaced with another non–grounding-type receptacle(s).
(b) A non–grounding-type receptacle(s) shall be permitted to be replaced with a ground-fault circuit interrupter-type of receptacle(s). These receptacles shall be marked “No Equipment Ground.” An equipment grounding conductor shall not be connected from the ground-fault circuit-interrupter-type receptacle to any outlet supplied from the ground-fault circuit-interrupter receptacle.
(c) A non–grounding-type receptacle(s) shall be permitted to be replaced with a grounding-type receptacle(s) where supplied through a ground-fault circuit interrupter. Grounding-type receptacles supplied through the ground-fault circuit interrupter shall be marked “GFCI Protected” and “No Equipment Ground.” An equipment grounding conductor shall not be connected between the grounding-type receptacles.
(3) Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupters. Ground-fault circuit-interrupter protected receptacles shall be provided where replacements are made at receptacle outlets that are required to be so protected elsewhere in this Code.
Exception:  Where replacement of the receptacle type is impracticable, such as where the outlet box size will not permit the installation of the GFCI receptacle, the receptacle shall be permitted to be replaced with a new receptacle of the existing type, where GFCI protection is provided and the receptacle is marked “GFCI protected” and “no equipment ground,” in accordance with 406.4(D)(2) (a), (b), or (c). 
(4) Arc-Fault Circuit-Interrupter Protection.Where a receptacle outlet is supplied by a branch circuit that requires arc-fault circuit-interrupter protection as specified elsewhere in this Code, a replacement receptacle at this outlet shall be one of the following: 
(1) A listed outlet branch-circuit type arc-fault circuit-interrupter receptacle
(2) A receptacle protected by a listed outlet branch-circuit type arc-fault circuit-interrupter type receptacle
(3) A receptacle protected by a listed combination type arc-fault circuit-interrupter type circuit breaker
This requirement becomes effective January 1, 2014. 
(5) Tamper-Resistant Receptacles. Listed tamper-resistant receptacles shall be provided where replacements are made at receptacle outlets that are required to be tamper-resistant elsewhere in this Code.
(6) Weather-Resistant Receptacles. Weather-resistant receptacles shall be provided where replacements are made at receptacle outlets that are required to be so protected elsewhere in this Code. 
(E) Cord- and Plug-Connected Equipment. The installation of grounding-type receptacles shall not be used as a requirement that all cord-and plug-connected equipment be of the grounded type.
Informational Note:  See 250.114 for types of cord-and plug-connected equipment to be grounded.
(F) Noninterchangeable Types. Receptacles connected to circuits that have different voltages, frequencies, or types of current (ac or dc) on the same premises shall be of such design that the attachment plugs used on these circuits are not interchangeable.
 
406.5 Receptacle Mounting. Receptacles shall be mounted in identified boxes or assemblies. The boxes or assemblies shall be securely fastened in place unless otherwise permitted elsewhere in this Code. Screws used for the purpose of attaching receptacles to a box shall be of the type provided with a listed receptacle, or shall be machine screws having 32 threads per inch or part of listed assemblies or systems, in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
(A) Boxes That Are Set Back. Receptacles mounted in boxes that are set back from the finished surface as permitted in 314.20 shall be installed such that the mounting yoke or strap of the receptacle is held rigidly at the finished surface. 
(B) Boxes That Are Flush. Receptacles mounted in boxes that are flush with the finished surface or project therefrom shall be installed such that the mounting yoke or strap of the receptacle is held rigidly against the box or box cover. 
(C) Receptacles Mounted on Covers. Receptacles mounted to and supported by a cover shall be held rigidly against the cover by more than one screw or shall be a device assembly or box cover listed and identified for securing by a single screw.
(D) Position of Receptacle Faces. After installation, receptacle faces shall be flush with or project from faceplates of insulating material and shall project a minimum of 0.4 mm (0.015 in.) from metal faceplates.
Exception:  Listed kits or assemblies encompassing receptacles and nonmetallic faceplates that cover the receptacle face, where the plate cannot be installed on any other receptacle, shall be permitted. 
(E) Receptacles in Countertops and Similar Work Surfaces. Receptacles, unless listed as receptacle assemblies for countertop applications, shall not be installed in a face-up position in countertops or similar work surfaces.  Where receptacle assemblies for countertop applications are required to provide ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection for personnel in accordance with 210.8, such assemblies shall be permitted to be listed as GFCI receptacle assemblies for countertop applications. 
(F) Receptacles in Seating Areas and Other Similar Surfaces. In seating areas or similar surfaces, receptacles shall not be installed in a face-up position unless the receptacle is any of the following:
(1) Part of an assembly listed as a furniture power distribution unit, if cord-and plug-connected
(2) Part of an assembly listed either as household furnishings or as commercial furnishings
(3) Listed either as a receptacle assembly for countertop applications or as a GFCI receptacle assembly for countertop applications
(4) Installed in a listed floor box
(G) Exposed Terminals. Receptacles shall be enclosed so that live wiring terminals are not exposed to contact. 
(H) Voltage Between Adjacent Devices. A receptacle shall not be grouped or ganged in enclosures with other receptacles, snap switches, or similar devices, unless they are arranged so that the voltage between adjacent devices does not exceed 300 volts, or unless they are installed in enclosures equipped with identified, securely installed barriers between adjacent devices.
 
406.6 Receptacle Faceplates (Cover Plates).Receptacle faceplates shall be installed so as to completely cover the opening and seat against the mounting surface.
Receptacle faceplates mounted inside a box having a recess-mounted receptacle shall effectively close the opening and seat against the mounting surface. 
(A) Thickness of Metal Faceplates. Metal faceplates shall be of ferrous metal not less than 0.76 mm (0.030 in.) in thickness or of nonferrous metal not less than 1.02 mm (0.040 in.) in thickness.
(B) Grounding. Metal faceplates shall be grounded.
(C) Faceplates of Insulating Material. Faceplates of insulating material shall be noncombustible and not less than 2.54 mm (0.10 in.) in thickness but shall be permitted to be less than 2.54 mm (0.10 in.) in thickness if formed or reinforced to provide adequate mechanical strength.
 
406.7 Attachment Plugs, Cord Connectors, and Flanged Surface Devices. All attachment plugs, cord connectors, and flanged surface devices (inlets and outlets) shall be listed and marked with the manufacturer’s name or identification and voltage and ampere ratings. 
(A) Construction of Attachment Plugs and Cord Connectors. Attachment plugs and cord connectors shall be constructed so that there are no exposed current-carrying parts except the prongs, blades, or pins. The cover for wire terminations shall be a part that is essential for the operation of an attachment plug or connector (dead-front construction).
(B) Connection of Attachment Plugs. Attachment plugs shall be installed so that their prongs, blades, or pins are not energized unless inserted into an energized receptacle or cord connectors. No receptacle shall be installed so as to require the insertion of an energized attachment plug as its source of supply.
(C) Attachment Plug Ejector Mechanisms.Attachment plug ejector mechanisms shall not adversely affect engagement of the blades of the attachment plug with the contacts of the receptacle.
(D) Flanged Surface Inlet. A flanged surface inlet shall be installed such that the prongs, blades, or pins are not energized unless an energized cord connector is inserted into it.
 
406.8 Noninterchangeability. Receptacles, cord connectors, and attachment plugs shall be constructed such that receptacle or cord connectors do not accept an attachment plug with a different voltage or current rating from that for which the device is intended. However, a 20-ampere T-slot receptacle or cord connector shall be permitted to accept a 15-ampere attachment plug of the same voltage rating. Non–grounding-type receptacles and connectors shall not accept grounding-type attachment plugs.
 
406.9 Receptacles in Damp or Wet Locations.
(A) Damp Locations. A receptacle installed outdoors in a location protected from the weather or in other damp locations shall have an enclosure for the receptacle that is weatherproof when the receptacle is covered (attachment plug cap not inserted and receptacle covers closed).
An installation suitable for wet locations shall also be considered suitable for damp locations.
A receptacle shall be considered to be in a location protected from the weather where located under roofed open porches, canopies, marquees, and the like, and will not be subjected to a beating rain or water runoff. All 15- and 20-ampere, 125- and 250-volt nonlocking receptacles shall be a listed weather-resistant type. 
Informational Note:  The types of receptacles covered by this requirement are identified as 5-15, 5-20, 6-15, and 6-20 in ANSI/NEMA WD 6-2002, National Electrical Manufacturers Association Standard for Dimensions of Attachment Plugs and Receptacles.
(B) Wet Locations.
(1) Receptacles of 15 and 20 Amperes in a Wet Location. Receptacles of 15 and 20 amperes installed in a wet location shall have an enclosure that is weatherproof whether or not the attachment plug cap is inserted. An outlet box hood installed for this purpose shall be listed and shall be identified as “extra duty.” All 15- and 20-ampere, 125- and 250-volt nonlocking-type receptacles shall be listed weather-resistant type. 
Informational Note No. 1:  Requirements for extra-duty outlet box hoods are found in ANSI/UL 514D-2000, Cover Plates for Flush-Mounted Wiring Devices. 
Informational Note No. 2:  The types of receptacles covered by this requirement are identified as 5-15, 5-20, 6-15, and 6-20 in ANSI/NEMA WD 6-2002, Standard for Dimensions of Attachment Plugs and Receptacles.
Exception:  15- and 20-ampere, 125- through 250-volt receptacles installed in a wet location and subject to routine high-pressure spray washing shall be permitted to have an enclosure that is weatherproof when the attachment plug is removed.
(2) Other Receptacles. All other receptacles installed in a wet location shall comply with (B)(2)(a) or (B)(2)(b).
(a) A receptacle installed in a wet location, where the product intended to be plugged into it is not attended while in use, shall have an enclosure that is weatherproof with the attachment plug cap inserted or removed. 
(b) A receptacle installed in a wet location where the product intended to be plugged into it will be attended while in use (e.g., portable tools) shall have an enclosure that is weatherproof when the attachment plug is removed.
(C) Bathtub and Shower Space. Receptacles shall not be installed within or directly over a bathtub or shower stall. 
(D) Protection for Floor Receptacles. Standpipes of floor receptacles shall allow floor-cleaning equipment to be operated without damage to receptacles.
(E) Flush Mounting with Faceplate. The enclosure for a receptacle installed in an outlet box flush-mounted in a finished surface shall be made weatherproof by means of a weatherproof faceplate assembly that provides a watertight connection between the plate and the finished surface.
 
 
(1) A green-colored hexagonal-headed or -shaped terminal screw or nut, not readily removable.
(2) A green-colored pressure wire connector body (a wire barrel). 
(3) A similar green-colored connection device, in the case of adapters. The grounding terminal of a grounding adapter shall be a green-colored rigid ear, lug, or similar device. The equipment grounding connection shall be so designed that it cannot make contact with current-carrying parts of the receptacle, adapter, or attachment plug. The adapter shall be polarized. 
(4) If the terminal for the equipment grounding conductor is not visible, the conductor entrance hole shall be marked with the word green or ground, the letters G or GR, a grounding symbol, or otherwise identified by a distinctive green color. If the terminal for the equipment grounding conductor is readily removable, the area adjacent to the terminal shall be similarly marked. 
Informational Note:  See Informational Note Figure 406.10(B)(4).
Informational Note Figure 406.10(B)(4)  One Example of a Symbol Used to Identify the Termination Point for an Equipment Grounding Conductor.
(C) Grounding Terminal Use. A grounding terminal shall not be used for purposes other than grounding.
(D) Grounding-Pole Requirements. Grounding-type attachment plugs and mating cord connectors and receptacles shall be designed such that the equipment grounding connection is made before the current-carrying connections. Grounding-type devices shall be so designed that grounding poles of attachment plugs cannot be brought into contact with current-carrying parts of receptacles or cord connectors.
(E) Use. Grounding-type attachment plugs shall be used only with a cord having an equipment grounding conductor.
 
406.11 Connecting Receptacle Grounding Terminal to Box. The connection of the receptacle grounding terminal shall comply with 250.146.
 
406.12 Tamper-Resistant Receptacles. Tamper-resistant receptacles shall be installed as specified in 406.12(A) through (C).
(A) Dwelling Units. In all areas specified in 210.52, all nonlocking-type 125-volt, 15- and 20-ampere receptacles shall be listed tamper-resistant receptacles. 
(B) Guest Rooms and Guest Suites of Hotels and Motels. All nonlocking-type 125-volt, 15- and 20-ampere receptacles located in guest rooms and guest suites of hotels and motels shall be listed tamper-resistant receptacles.
(C) Child Care Facilities. In all child care facilities, all nonlocking-type 125-volt, 15- and 20-ampere receptacles shall be listed tamper-resistant receptacles.
Exception to (A), (B), and (C): Receptacles in the following locations shall not be required to be tamper resistant:
(1) Receptacles located more than 1.7 m (5 ½ ft) above the floor.
(2) Receptacles that are part of a luminaire or appliance.
(3) A single receptacle or a duplex receptacle for two appliances located within dedicated space for each appliance that, in normal use, is not easily moved from one place to another and that is cord-and plug-connected in accordance with 400.7(A)(6), (A)(7), or (A)(8).
(4) Nongrounding receptacles used for replacements as permitted in 406.4(D)(2)(a).
 
406.15 Dimmer-Controlled Receptacles. A receptacle supplying lighting loads shall not be connected to a dimmer unless the plug/receptacle combination is a nonstandard configuration type that is specifically listed and identified for each such unique combination.
 
ARTICLE 408 Switchboards, Switchgear, and Panelboards
I. General
408.1 Scope. This article covers switchboards, switchgear, and panelboards. It does not apply to equipment operating at over 1000 volts, except as specifically referenced elsewhere in the Code.
 
408.2 Other Articles. Switches, circuit breakers, and overcurrent devices used on switchboards, switchgear, and panelboards and their enclosures shall comply with this article and also with the requirements of Articles 240250312404, and other articles that apply. Switchboards, switchgear,and panelboards in hazardous (classified) locations shall comply with the applicable provisions of Articles 500 through 517.
 
408.3 Support and Arrangement of Busbars and Conductors.
(A) Conductors and Busbars on a Switchboard, Switchgear, or Panelboard. Conductors and busbars on a switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard shall comply with 408.3(A)(1), (A)(2), and (A)(3) as applicable. 
(1) Location. Conductors and busbars shall be located so as to be free from physical damage and shall be held firmly in place.
(2) Service Switchboards and Switchgear. Barriers shall be placed in all service switchboards and switchgear such that no uninsulated, ungrounded service busbar or service terminal is exposed to inadvertent contact by persons or maintenance equipment while servicing load terminations. 
(3) Same Vertical Section. Other than the required interconnections and control wiring, only those conductors that are intended for termination in a vertical section of a switchboard or switchgear shall be located in that section.
Exception:  Conductors shall be permitted to travel horizontally through vertical sections of switchboards and switchgear where such conductors are isolated from busbars by a barrier. 
(B) Overheating and Inductive Effects. The arrangement of busbars and conductors shall be such as to avoid overheating due to inductive effects.
(C) Used as Service Equipment. Each switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard, if used as service equipment, shall be provided with a main bonding jumper sized in accordance with 250.28(D) or the equivalent placed within the panelboard or one of the sections of the switchboard or switchgear for connecting the grounded service conductor on its supply side to the switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard frame. All sections of a switchboard or switchgear shall be bonded together using an equipment bonding conductor sized in accordance with Table 250.122 or Table 250.66 as appropriate. 
Exception:  Switchboards, switchgear, and panelboards used as service equipment on high-impedance grounded neutral systems in accordance with 250.36 shall not be required to be provided with a main bonding jumper. 
(D) Terminals. In switchboards, switchgear, and panelboards, load terminals for field wiring, including grounded circuit conductor load terminals and connections to the equipment grounding conductor bus for load equipment grounding conductors, shall be so located that it is not necessary to reach across or beyond an uninsulated ungrounded line bus in order to make connections. 
(E) Bus Arrangement.
(1) AC Phase Arrangement. Alternating-currentphase arrangement on 3-phase buses shall be A, B, C from front to back, top to bottom, or left to right, as viewed from the front of the switchboard, switchgear,or panelboard. The B phase shall be that phase having the higher voltage to ground on 3-phase, 4-wire, delta-connected systems. Other busbar arrangements shall be permitted for additions to existing installations and shall be marked. 
Exception:  Equipment within the same single section or multisection switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard as the meter on 3-phase, 4-wire, delta-connected systems shall be permitted to have the same phase configuration as the metering equipment. 
Informational Note:  See 110.15 for requirements on marking the busbar or phase conductor having the higher voltage to ground where supplied from a 4-wire, delta-connected system.
(2) DC Bus Arrangement. Direct-current ungrounded buses shall be permitted to be in any order. Arrangement of dc buses shall be field marked as to polarity, grounding system, and nominal voltage.
(F) Switchboard, Switchgear, or Panelboard Identification. A caution sign(s) or a label(s) provided in accordance with 408.3(F)(1) through (F)(5) shall comply with 110.21(B)
(1) High-Leg Identification. A switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard containing a 4-wire, delta-connected system where the midpoint of one phase winding is grounded shall be legibly and permanently field marked as follows: 
“Caution _____ Phase Has _____ Volts to Ground” 
(2) Ungrounded AC Systems. A switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard containing an ungrounded ac electrical system as permitted in 250.21 shall be legibly and permanently field marked as follows: 
“Caution Ungrounded System Operating — _____ Volts Between Conductors” 
(3) High-Impedance Grounded Neutral AC System. A switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard containing a high-impedance grounded neutral ac system in accordance with 250.36 shall be legibly and permanently field marked as follows: 
CAUTION: HIGH-IMPEDANCE GROUNDED NEUTRAL AC SYSTEM OPERATING — _____ VOLTS BETWEEN CONDUCTORS AND MAY OPERATE — _____ VOLTS TO GROUND FOR INDEFINITE PERIODS UNDER FAULT CONDITIONS
(4) Ungrounded DC Systems. A switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard containing an ungrounded dc electrical system in accordance with 250.169 shall be legibly and permanently field marked as follows:  
CAUTION: UNGROUNDED DC SYSTEM OPERATING — _____ VOLTS BETWEEN CONDUCTORS 
(5) Resistively Grounded DC Systems. A switchboard, switchgear, or panelboard containing a resistive connection between current-carrying conductors and the grounding system to stabilize voltage to ground shall be legibly and permanently field marked as follows:  
CAUTION: DC SYSTEM OPERATING — _____ VOLTS BETWEEN CONDUCTORS AND  
MAY OPERATE — _____ VOLTS TO GROUND FOR INDEFINITE PERIODS UNDER FAULT CONDITIONS
(G) Minimum Wire-Bending Space. The minimum wire-bending space at terminals and minimum gutter space provided in switchboards, switchgear, and panelboards shall be as required in 312.6.
 
408.4 Field Identification Required.
(A) Circuit Directory or Circuit Identification.Every circuit and circuit modification shall be legibly identified as to its clear, evident, and specific purpose or use. The identification shall include an approved degree of detail that allows each circuit to be distinguished from all others. Spare positions that contain unused overcurrent devices or switches shall be described accordingly. The identification shall be included in a circuit directory that is located on the face or inside of the panel door in the case of a panelboard and at each switch or circuit breaker in a switchboard or switchgear. No circuit shall be described in a manner that depends on transient conditions of occupancy. 
(B) Source of Supply. All switchboards, switchgear,and panelboards supplied by a feeder(s) in other than one- or two-family dwellings shall be marked to indicate each device or equipment where the power originates.
 
408.5 Clearance for Conductor Entering Bus Enclosures. Where conduits or other raceways enter a switchboard, switchgear, floor-standing panelboard, or similar enclosure at the bottom, approved space shall be provided to permit installation of conductors in the enclosure. The wiring space shall not be less than shown in Table 408.5 where the conduit or raceways enter or leave the enclosure below the busbars, their supports, or other obstructions. The conduit or raceways, including their end fittings, shall not rise more than 75 mm (3 in.) above the bottom of the enclosure. 
 
Table 408.5  Clearance for Conductors Entering Bus Enclosures
 ConductorMinimum Spacing Between Bottom of Enclosure and Busbars, Their Supports, or Other Obstructions
 mmin.
 Insulated busbars, their supports, or other obstructions2008
 Noninsulated busbars25010
 
408.7 Unused Openings. Unused openings for circuit breakers and switches shall be closed using identified closures, or other approved means that provide protection substantially equivalent to the wall of the enclosure.
 
II. Switchboards and Switchgear
408.16 Switchboards and Switchgear in Damp or Wet Locations. Switchboards and switchgear in damp or wet locations shall be installed in accordance with 312.2.
 
408.17 Location Relative to Easily Ignitible Material. Switchboards and switchgear shall be placed so as to reduce to a minimum the probability of communicating fire to adjacent combustible materials. Where installed over a combustible floor, suitable protection thereto shall be provided.
 
408.18 Clearances.
(A) From Ceiling. For other than a totally enclosed switchboard or switchgear, a space not less than 900 mm (3 ft) shall be provided between the top of the switchboard or switchgear and any combustible ceiling, unless a noncombustible shield is provided between the switchboard or switchgear and the ceiling. 
(B) Around Switchboards and Switchgear.Clearances around switchboards and switchgear shall comply with the provisions of 110.26.
 
408.19 Conductor Insulation. An insulated conductor used within a switchboard or switchgearshall be listed, shall be flame retardant, and shall be rated not less than the voltage applied to it and not less than the voltage applied to other conductors or busbars with which it may come into contact.
 
408.20 Location of Switchboards and Switchgear.Switchboards and switchgear that have any exposed live parts shall be located in permanently dry locations and then only where under competent supervision and accessible only to qualified persons. Switchboards and switchgear shall be located such that the probability of damage from equipment or processes is reduced to a minimum.
 
408.22 Grounding of Instruments, Relays, Meters, and Instrument Transformers on Switchboards and Switchgear. Instruments, relays, meters, and instrument transformers located on switchboards and switchgear shall be grounded as specified in 250.170through 250.178.
 
III. Panelboards
408.30 General. All panelboards shall have a rating not less than the minimum feeder capacity required for the load calculated in accordance with Part III, IV, or V of Article 220, as applicable.  
 
408.36 Overcurrent Protection. In addition to the requirement of 408.30, a panelboard shall be protected by an overcurrent protective device having a rating not greater than that of the panelboard. This overcurrent protective device shall be located within or at any point on the supply side of the panelboard.
Exception No. 1:  Individual protection shall not be required for a panelboard used as service equipment with multiple disconnecting means in accordance with 230.71. In panelboards protected by three or more main circuit breakers or sets of fuses, the circuit breakers or sets of fuses shall not supply a second bus structure within the same panelboard assembly.
Exception No. 2:  Individual protection shall not be required for a panelboard protected on its supply side by two main circuit breakers or two sets of fuses having a combined rating not greater than that of the panelboard. A panelboard constructed or wired under this exception shall not contain more than 42 overcurrent devices. For the purposes of determining the maximum of 42 overcurrent devices, a 2-pole or a 3-pole circuit breaker shall be considered as two or three overcurrent devices, respectively.
Exception No. 3:  For existing panelboards, individual protection shall not be required for a panelboard used as service equipment for an individual residential occupancy.
(A) Snap Switches Rated at 30 Amperes or Less.Panelboards equipped with snap switches rated at 30 amperes or less shall have overcurrent protection of 200 amperes or less. 
(B) Supplied Through a Transformer. Where a panelboard is supplied through a transformer, the overcurrent protection required by 408.36 shall be located on the secondary side of the transformer. 
Exception:  A panelboard supplied by the secondary side of a transformer shall be considered as protected by the overcurrent protection provided on the primary side of the transformer where that protection is in accordance with 240.21(C)(1).
(C) Delta Breakers. A 3-phase disconnect or overcurrent device shall not be connected to the bus of any panelboard that has less than 3-phase buses. Delta breakers shall not be installed in panelboards.
(D) Back-Fed Devices. Plug-in-type overcurrent protection devices or plug-in type main lug assemblies that are backfed and used to terminate field-installed ungrounded supply conductors shall be secured in place by an additional fastener that requires other than a pull to release the device from the mounting means on the panel.
 
408.37 Panelboards in Damp or Wet Locations.Panelboards in damp or wet locations shall be installed to comply with 312.2.
 
408.38 Enclosure. Panelboards shall be mounted in cabinets, cutout boxes, or identified enclosures and shall be dead-front. 
Exception:  Panelboards other than of the dead-front, externally operable type shall be permitted where accessible only to qualified persons.
 
408.39 Relative Arrangement of Switches and Fuses. In panelboards, fuses of any type shall be installed on the load side of any switches.
Exception:  Fuses installed as part of service equipment in accordance with the provisions of 230.94 shall be permitted on the line side of the service switch.
 
408.40 Grounding of Panelboards. Panelboard cabinets and panelboard frames, if of metal, shall be in physical contact with each other and shall be connected to an equipment grounding conductor. Where the panelboard is used with nonmetallic raceway or cable or where separate equipment grounding conductors are provided, a terminal bar for the equipment grounding conductors shall be secured inside the cabinet. The terminal bar shall be bonded to the cabinet and panelboard frame, if of metal; otherwise it shall be connected to the equipment grounding conductor that is run with the conductors feeding the panelboard.
Exception:  Where an isolated equipment grounding conductor is provided as permitted by 250.146(D), the insulated equipment grounding conductor that is run with the circuit conductors shall be permitted to pass through the panelboard without being connected to the panelboard’s equipment grounding terminal bar.
Equipment grounding conductors shall not be connected to a terminal bar provided for grounded conductors or neutral conductors unless the bar is identified for the purpose and is located where interconnection between equipment grounding conductors and grounded circuit conductors is permitted or required by Article 250.
 
408.41 Grounded Conductor Terminations. Each grounded conductor shall terminate within the panelboard in an individual terminal that is not also used for another conductor.
Exception:  Grounded conductors of circuits with parallel conductors shall be permitted to terminate in a single terminal if the terminal is identified for connection of more than one conductor.
 
IV. Construction Specifications
408.50 Panels. The panels of switchboards and switchgear shall be made of moisture-resistant, noncombustible material.
 
408.51 Busbars. Insulated or bare busbars shall be rigidly mounted.
 
408.52 Protection of Instrument Circuits.Instruments, pilot lights, voltage (potential)transformers, and other switchboard or switchgeardevices with potential coils shall be supplied by a circuit that is protected by standard overcurrent devices rated 15 amperes or less. 
Exception No. 1:  Overcurrent devices rated more than 15 amperes shall be permitted where the interruption of the circuit could create a hazard. Short-circuit protection shall be provided. 
Exception No. 2:  For ratings of 2 amperes or less, special types of enclosed fuses shall be permitted.
 
408.53 Component Parts. Switches, fuses, and fuseholders used on panelboards shall comply with the applicable requirements of Articles 240 and 404.
 
408.54 Maximum Number of Overcurrent Devices.A panelboard shall be provided with physical means to prevent the installation of more overcurrent devices than that number for which the panelboard was designed, rated, and listed.
For the purposes of this section, a 2-pole circuit breaker or fusible switch shall be considered two overcurrent devices; a 3-pole circuit breaker or fusible switch shall be considered three overcurrent devices.
 
(A) Top and Bottom Wire-Bending Space. The enclosure for a panelboard shall have the top and bottom wire-bending space sized in accordance with Table 312.6(B) for the largest conductor entering or leaving the enclosure.
Exception No. 1:  Either the top or bottom wire-bending space shall be permitted to be sized in accordance with Table 312.6(A) for a panelboard rated 225 amperes or less and designed to contain not over 42 overcurrent devices. For the purposes of this exception, a 2-pole or a 3-pole circuit breaker shall be considered as two or three overcurrent devices, respectively. 
Electrician Exception No. 2:  Either the top or bottom wire-bending space for any panelboard shall be permitted to be sized in accordance with Table 312.6(A) where at least one side wire-bending space is sized in accordance with Table 312.6(B) for the largest conductor to be terminated in any side wire-bending space. 
Electrician Exception No. 3:  The top and bottom wire-bending space shall be permitted to be sized in accordance with Table 312.6(A) spacings if the panelboard is designed and constructed for wiring using only a single 90-degree bend for each conductor, including the grounded circuit conductor, and the wiring diagram shows and specifies the method of wiring that shall be used. 
Exception No. 4:  Either the top or the bottom wire-bending space, but not both, shall be permitted to be sized in accordance with Table 312.6(A) where there are no conductors terminated in that space. 
(B) Side Wire-Bending Space. Side wire-bending space shall be in accordance with Table 312.6(A) for the largest conductor to be terminated in that space. 
(C) Back Wire-Bending Space. Where a raceway or cable entry is in the wall of the enclosure opposite a removable cover, the distance from that wall to the cover shall be permitted to comply with the distance required for one wire per terminal in Table 312.6(A). The distance between the center of the rear entry and the nearest termination for the entering conductors shall not be less than the distance given in Table 312.6(B).
 
408.56 Minimum Spacings. The distance between bare metal parts, busbars, and so forth shall not be less than specified in Table 408.56.
Where close proximity does not cause excessive heating, parts of the same polarity at switches, enclosed fuses, and so forth shall be permitted to be placed as close together as convenience in handling will allow.
Exception:  The distance shall be permitted to be less than that specified in Table 408.56 at circuit breakers and switches and in listed components installed in switchboards, switchgear, and panelboards. 
 
Table 408.56  Minimum Spacings Between Bare Metal Parts
 AC or DCVoltageOpposite Polarity Where Mounted on the Same SurfaceOpposite Polarity Where Held Free in AirLive Parts to Ground*
 mmin.mmin.mmin.
 Not over 125 volts, nominal19.1¾12.7½12.7½
 Not over 250 volts, nominal31.81¼19.1¾12.7½
 Not over 1000 volts, nominal50.8225.4125.41
*For spacing between live parts and doors of cabinets, see 312.11(A)(1), (2), and (3).
 
408.58 Panelboard Marking. Panelboards shall be durably marked by the manufacturer with the voltage and the current rating and the number of ac phases or dc buses for which they are designed and with the manufacturer’s name or trademark in such a manner so as to be visible after installation, without disturbing the interior parts or wiring.
 
ARTICLE 409 Industrial Control Panels
I. General
409.1 Scope. This article covers industrial control panels intended for general use and operating at 1000volts or less. 
Informational Note:  ANSI/UL 508, Standard for Industrial Control Panels, is a safety standard for industrial control panels. 
 
 
409.3 Other Articles. In addition to the requirements of Article 409, industrial control panels that contain branch circuits for specific loads or components, or are for control of specific types of equipment addressed in other articles of this Code, shall be constructed and installed in accordance with the applicable requirements from the specific articles in Table 409.3.
 
Table 409.3  Other Articles 
 Equipment/OccupancyArticleSection
 Branch circuits210 
 Luminaires410 
 Motors, motor circuits, and controllers430 
 Air-conditioning and refrigerating equipment440 
 Capacitors 460.8, 460.9
 Hazardous (classified) locations500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505 
 Commercial garages; aircraft hangars; motor fuel dispensing facilities; bulk storage plants; spray application, dipping, and coating processes; and inhalation anesthetizing locations511, 513, 514, 515, 516, and 517 Part IV 
 Cranes and hoists610 
 Electrically driven or controlled irrigation machines675 
 Elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, moving walks, wheelchair lifts, and stairway chair lifts620 
 Industrial machinery670 
 Resistors and reactors470 
 Transformers450 
 Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3 remote-control, signaling, and power-limited circuits725 

 

II. Installation
409.20 Conductor — Minimum Size and Ampacity. The size of the industrial control panel supply conductor shall have an ampacity not less than 125 percent of the full-load current rating of all heating loads plus 125 percent of the full-load current rating of the highest rated motor plus the sum of the full-load current ratings of all other connected motors and apparatus based on their duty cycle that may be in operation at the same time.
 
(C) Rating. The rating or setting of the overcurrent protective device for the circuit supplying the industrial control panel shall not be greater than the sum of the largest rating or setting of the branch-circuit short-circuit and ground-fault protective device provided with the industrial control panel, plus 125 percent of the full-load current rating of all resistance heating loads, plus the sum of the full-load currents of all other motors and apparatus that could be in operation at the same time.
Exception:  Where one or more instantaneous trip circuit breakers or motor short-circuit protectors are used for motor branch-circuit short-circuit and ground-fault protection as permitted by 430.52(C), the procedure specified above for determining the maximum rating of the protective device for the circuit supplying the industrial control panel shall apply with the following provision: For the purpose of the calculation, each instantaneous trip circuit breaker or motor short-circuit protector shall be assumed to have a rating not exceeding the maximum percentage of motor full-load current permitted by Table 430.52 for the type of control panel supply circuit protective device employed.
Where no branch-circuit short-circuit and ground-fault protective device is provided with the industrial control panel for motor or combination of motor and non-motor loads, the rating or setting of the overcurrent protective device shall be based on 430.52 and 430.53, as applicable.
 
409.22 Short-Circuit Current Rating. An industrial control panel shall not be installed where the available fault current exceeds its short-circuit current rating as marked in accordance with 409.110(4).
 
409.30 Disconnecting Means. Disconnecting means that supply motor loads shall comply with Part IX of Article 430.
 
409.60 Grounding. Multisection industrial control panels shall be bonded together with an equipment grounding conductor or an equivalent equipment grounding bus sized in accordance with Table 250.122. Equipment grounding conductors shall be connected to this equipment grounding bus or to an equipment grounding termination point provided in a single-section industrial control panel.
 
III. Construction Specifications
409.100 Enclosures. Table 110.28 shall be used as the basis for selecting industrial control panel enclosures for use in specific locations other than hazardous (classified) locations. The enclosures are not intended to protect against conditions such as condensation, icing, corrosion, or contamination that may occur within the enclosure or enter via the conduit or unsealed openings.
 
409.102 Busbars and Conductors. Industrial control panels utilizing busbars shall comply with 409.102(A) and (B).
(A) Support and Arrangement. Busbars shall be protected from physical damage and be held firmly in place. 
(B) Phase Arrangement. The phase arrangement on 3-phase horizontal common power and vertical buses shall be A, B, C from front to back, top to bottom, or left to right, as viewed from the front of the industrial control panel. The B phase shall be that phase having the higher voltage to ground on 3-phase, 4-wire, delta-connected systems. Other busbar arrangements shall be permitted for additions to existing installations, and the phases shall be permanently marked.
 
409.104 Wiring Space.
(A) General. Industrial control panel enclosures shall not be used as junction boxes, auxiliary gutters, or raceways for conductors feeding through or tapping off to other switches or overcurrent devices or other equipment, unless the conductors fill less than 40 percent of the cross-sectional area of the wiring space. In addition, the conductors, splices, and taps shall not fill the wiring space at any cross section to more than 75 percent of the cross-sectional area of that space. 
(B) Wire Bending Space. Wire bending space within industrial control panels for field wiring terminals shall be in accordance with the requirements in 430.10(B).
 
409.106 Spacings. Spacings in feeder circuits between uninsulated live parts of adjacent components, between uninsulated live parts of components and grounded or accessible non–current-carrying metal parts, between uninsulated live parts of components and the enclosure, and at field wiring terminals shall be as shown in Table 430.97(D)
Exception:  Spacings shall be permitted to be less than those specified in Table 430.97(D) at circuit breakers and switches and in listed components installed in industrial control panels.
 
409.108 Service Equipment. Where used as service equipment, each industrial control panel shall be of the type that is suitable for use as service equipment.
Where a grounded conductor is provided, the industrial control panel shall be provided with a main bonding jumper, sized in accordance with 250.28(D), for connecting the grounded conductor, on its supply side, to the industrial control panel equipment ground bus or equipment ground terminal.
 
409.110 Marking. An industrial control panel shall be marked with the following information that is plainly visible after installation: 
(1) Manufacturer’s name, trademark, or other descriptive marking by which the organization responsible for the product can be identified.
(2) Supply voltage, number of phases, frequency, and full-load current for each incoming supply circuit.
(3) Industrial control panels supplied by more than one power source such that more than one disconnecting means is required to disconnect all power within the control panel shall be marked to indicate that more than one disconnecting means is required to de-energize the equipment. 
(4) Short-circuit current rating of the industrial control panel based on one of the following: 
a. Short-circuit current rating of a listed and labeled assembly 
b. Short-circuit current rating established utilizing an approved method 
Informational Note:  ANSI/UL 508, Standard for Industrial Control Panels, Supplement SB, is an example of an approved method. 
Exception to (4): Short-circuit current rating markings are not required for industrial control panels containing only control circuit components.
(5) If the industrial control panel is intended as service equipment, it shall be marked to identify it as being suitable for use as service equipment.
(6) Electrical wiring diagram or the identification number of a separate electrical wiring diagram or a designation referenced in a separate wiring diagram.
(7) An enclosure type number shall be marked on the industrial control panel enclosure.
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